Learn How To Play Darts


I am writing this article for people who don’t know anything about dart or are playing after a long time and they have only a blurred picture of the game in their mind. No worries, the game is very simple and you will learn the basic principles and rules after reading this article.

What is Darts?

It is a type of game in which you throw missile shaped objects which are pointed at the end, called Darts (also known as arrows) at a circular board called the dartboard.

The board has different sections separated and distinguished by different colors (mostly Black, Green and White) and lines.

Each section of the board contains different points. There are many zones in the games which multiply the score. The game is mostly played in bars and sometimes even in fairs or carnivals.

Some special terms of the game

  • Arrows: The darts are referred to as arrows.
  • Bull’s-eye: It is the section located at the exact center of the board.
  • Clock: This is what the dartboard is sometimes called.
  • Outer Bull: It is located at the center of the board and before bull’s-eye.
  • Barrel: It is the part you should grip.
  • Diddle for the middle: It is the throw by all players that decides who is going to have the turn first. The player who gets the dart closest to the Bull gets the first turn.
  • Burst: this means that the players current turn is not counted and his previous score is restored.

Setting up your game

Here are the things that you must do before you start the game.

  1. Find a safe place where there are very few people.
  2. Mark the throw line about 273 cm away from the dartboard.
  3. Find someone to score and monitor the game.
  4. Get a scoring board.
  5. Find a few friends or players and enjoy.

Rules And Aims Of The Game

There are many different types of the games and all have different rules. The rules may vary from area to area so I can’t discuss all so let’s just look to the most common type of the game which is the 501 game and some basic rules and aim of the game.


You have to reduce your score from usually 501 to zero. The player who does it first wins.

Understanding the dartboard

The board is divided into twenty sections numerically from one to twenty.  These numbers represent the points that you are going to get. The board is further divided into seven circles.  The most outer circle is the No Points Zone you will get nothing if you hit here.

After that, is the Double area where all of your score is multiplied by two, so if your dart would hit the 20 zone here your points would be increased to 40.

Then comes the Single area, in this region all of your score remains the same, so if your dart would hit a 20 zone in this region your score would remain twenty.

Later comes the Treble area. In this area all of your score is tripled so scoring 20 points here means you are scoring 60.

Then there is another Single area and then are the Outer Bull and the Bull’s-eye area. You get 25 points from by hitting the Outer Bull area and 50 points from hitting the Bull’s-eye area.

How to reduce your points

The points you obtain from throwing the darts are reduced from the total, which at the start is 501. So if you throw a dart at the 20 zone, in the treble area your score would reduce by 60 and would become 441 from 501.

The Rules

You now know the basics of the game like, “What to do?” and “How to do?” Now let’s jump to the most important part of the game without which no game is complete or playable, yes I’m talking about the rules.

Without rules how are you going to play a game? No one is fair when it comes to game that’s why there got to be laws that can define what is allowed and what is not allowed. Rules also tell you what to do when something is contradicting.

Here are some general rules.

  • You can use any dart given that it is less than 55 grams.
  • The dartboard should be hanged 5 feet and 8 inches above the floor.
  • The playing order is determined by Diddle for the middle (see ‘Some special terms of the game’).
  • Each player can throw three darts in his turn.
  • If a player throws the darts while his/hers foot is ahead of the ‘throw line’ it would be regarded as a foul and the darts thrown by the player in that round would not be counted.
  • The players may lean as much as they want even ahead of the throw line as long as their foot is within the throw line boundary.
  • If the dart doesn’t stick to the board and bounces back from the board the player is not awarded the score and he/she can’t throw the dart again.
  • If a dart falls before it has been scored or taken out of the board by the player, it is also not scored but the player is allowed to take it out before it falls and this can only happen when the player has taken all three of his turns.
  • The player must make the score exactly zero by hitting in the double are.
  • Burst happens from the following reason:
  1. If the player scores more than his score.
  2. If the player has not end the game by hitting a Double.
  3. If the player has a score of 1 after subtraction.

So I hope that now you have learned how to play this super amazing and interesting game. So call a few friends and practice the game or go to some place to play it and don’t forget to have fun.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *